Scenes of British Wealth

Scenes of British Wealth

Author: Rev. Issac Taylor

Cost: £3.99

Notes

Written for children in 1823 , this charming text provides a brief account of the crafts and industries of Britain in the form of a tour around the nation, visiting the towns and cities where everyday products were farmed, extracted, traded and made. Thus a simple portrait of Britain in an early phase of industrialisation is revealed. The book was twice later incorporated into new editions during 19th century, showing the greater role of trade and commerce in facilitating a growing torrent of material wealth from around the world to the homes of the British people - here the emphasis os on a domestic scene.

The downloadable PDF is not a facsimile, but a re-formatted and lightly edited text laid out in a clear legible style.

Sample pages can be viewed on-line here.

Book length: 67,000 words

Synopses of "Scenes of British Wealth" by Rev. Isaac taylor

Contents

To Greenwich - A family trip - Contemplating dockyards - Fitting for future life - A friend at Deptford - Excite them to learn

Deptford - Cable Making
Spinning - Working on a line - Gradation of string - Cables for anchors - Woolders - Manufacturing, for the happiness, profit and honour of England - An Educational Tour

Dunstable - Straw Work
Cutting of straw - Preparing and splitting - Working into plaits - From plaits to bonnets - Beauty from the trifling Straw work

Buckingham - Lace Making
Newport Pagnel, grandmart of lace - Patterns and pins - Bobbins - Honiton - The rise of manufacture - Point lace - As the hand-made become scarce, so it becomes opulent

Reading - Malt
A prospect of cowls - The Malt House - From barley to malt - Types of malt - Mashing and Wort - Brewing - Tunned

Woodstock - Steel Ware and Gloves
Watch-chains and Gloves - Iron and Steel - Making steel - Tools with an edge - Fancy work - Variety of gloves

Cheltenham - Mineral Waters
Frequented by George III - Wonderful effects - Chalybeate, Iron - Tonics - Heated - Bath and other spas - The discovery at Cheltenham

Worcester China
Distinguished from Earthenware - Origin - Process of manufacture in China - The materials, Petuntse and Kaolin - King-te-ching - Division of labour - Painting -Finishing and Firing

Gloucester - Pins
Not trifles - Fashion and "Pin-Money" - John Tilsby - Twenty people to make a pin - Drawing out the wire - Children at the anvil

Bristol - Sugar Trade
Importance of Bristol - West Indies - Muscovado - Refining sugar - Granulation and Sugar loaves

Redruth - Tin Mines
Rugged Cornwall and its wealth - Following the lode - Blasting and mining - Tin - Ancient trade with Phoenecians - Uses of tin - Smelting - The stamp of the Duchy of Cornwall, coining - Sheet tin

Devonshire - Bullocks
A part of our landscape - "By the strength of the Ox" - Waggon teams - The cow, a poor man's income - From flesh to horn, every part put to use - Different breeds

Teignmouth - Pipe Clay
Smoking, a matter of taste - Tale of Sir Walter Raleigh - Sources of clay - Preparation and shaping - Gentle firing

Bridport - Sail-Cloth
Hempen articles - Canvasses - Sewing of sails

Portland - Stone Quarries
A peninsular in Dorset - Freestone - Landmarks of London - Alternatives, the use of flint - Limestone, Slate and Purbeck stone - Lifting and transportation

New Forest - Timber & Shipbuilding
Origin of the New Forest - The uses of various types of tree - Oaks for the navy - Ancient ships and navies - King Alfred and the Danes - The structure of a ship - Costs, a thousand pound a gun

Wilton - Carpets
Two pieces - Working with a frame - Kidderminster, Scottish and Brussels - Wilton Shag - Expensive Axminster

Hampshire - Hogs
Land of pigs - A Useful animal - Produces the most - Breeds rapidly

Chichester - Needles
Whitechapel needles - German steel - Hammered and pulled - Punched and tempered - Polishing

Farnham - Hops
Hop-ground - Binds - Merry scene of picking - Drying and keeping - Once banned as a poison - Now used for effect, taste and preservation

South Downs - Sheep
A carpet of green turf - South-downs and other breeds - Raising of Dorset lamb - The many uses of the sheep - Employment value - Their means of defence against enemies

Battel - Gunpowder
Powder Mills - War less destructive - Composition and the making of gunpowder

Tunbridge - Turnery Ware
In a turner's workshop - Shaping a bedpost - Source of motion

Kent - Birch Brooms
Immense consumption - Birch woods of Kent and Sussex - Construction

Maidstone - Paper Making
Predecessor of paper - Writing for posterity - Egyptians and papyrus - The introduction of rags - Pedlars and the tidy housewife - Sorting rags - Making the pulp - Stages in the making of paper - Finishing and colours - Marbled paper

Essex - Wheat
Harvest season - Origins, Ceres - Compared to other grains - Ploughing and planting - Scythe, Sheaf and Shock - Harvest supper - Hallooing Largess - Threshing - Milling

Colchester - Oysters
The breeding of oysters - Spat and Cultch - When fit to eat

Sudbury - Buntine & Shrouds
Woollen stuff - For troops and tars - Shrouds for the dead

Lavenham - Spinning of Wool
The cost of exporting fleeces to Flanders - Promotion of English manufacture - Blankets at Witney, Baize from Colchester - A parcel of spinners - Operating the spinning wheel

Suffolk - Hemp
Fields of hemp - Threshed, soaked and heckled to tow - Spun for thread and cordage - Hempen cloth, high price, durable - Uses for seeds, oil and feed cake

Suffolk - Horses
A Suffolk breed, cart horses - Horses for different services - Finest of Arabia and Barbary - The Ass, a neglected beast

Woolpit - Bricks
Ancient invention in Babylonia - Quality of clay - Stourbridge and Windsor loam - Statute bricks - Kneading and moulding - Burning in clamps or kilns - Tiles - Bricklaying - Mortar - Raising dinner

Bury - Butter
Idyllic dairy life - Churning butter - Composition of milk - Whey, Cream, Curds - Sources of butter, Epping butter

Thetford - Rabbits
Warrens - Purse nets and weasels - Making of hats from rabbit fur - Batts and basoning - Working the felt - Dyeing and finishing

Norfolk - Barley
Knighthoods for food and drink - Barley Mow - Norfolk textile manufacture - Crape, Bombasine, Damask, Camlets and Stuff

Norfolk - Turnips
For table and cattle - Greater yield than pasture

Norfolk - Game
What is Game - The evil of poaching

Isle of Ely - Basket Making
Willow shoots - For baskets and hurdles - Boults of osier - Weaving a skep - Finer work and a British luxury for the Romans

Lincoln Fens - Geese
Making good use of poor land - Flocks in flight - Tame geese - Large holdings - Swarms on England's Greens- Driving geese to London - Plucking of quills - Long lived birds

Daventry - Whips
What is in a whip ? - Whalebone and well-bound - Whips for different users

Coventry - Silk Weaving
Weaving cloth - Warp and weft (or woof) - The loom, shuttle and treadle -Tweeled and twilled - Silk, Satin and Velvet

Birmingham - Jewellery
The many manufactories of Birmingham - Setting stones - Diamonds precious stone and gems - Shaping and polishing

Colebrook Dale - Iron Forge
Prospect of flame and smoke - Water wheel and a vast hammer - Making a bar

Forest of Dean - Iron Ore
Wealth of the Forest of Dean - Iron ore in the furnace, continuous operation of - Water wheel, bellows and coal - Work of the Blacksmith - Output of the whitesmith -Keys and hinges from Wolverhampton, nails in Lancashire

Pontypool - Jappaning
Origin in the East Indies - On paper or wood - Lac, a gum or resin - Stages in the process - Priming, painting, varnishing and polishing

Pembroke - Goats
Differences with sheep - Lives where others starve - The usage, milk, butter, cheese, flesh and skin

Welshpool - Flannels
Favoured by the aged and infirm - Woven in Wales, finished in Shrewsbury

Anglesea Copper Mines
Open pit - Separated from sulpher - Smelted - Capturing copper in water- Ductile character - Uses - Melted with zinc or tin

Stafford - Shoes
Upper-leather and sole - Use of last and awl Bristle for needles - Calf leather for men - Kid, morocco and cloth for women

Burton - Ale
Favourite liquors - Difference between beer and ale

Derby - Silk Mills
Mountainous Derbyshire - Wonderful water-powered wheels - Multitudinous movements - The silk worm - Extracting and winding the threads - Once luxury, now common

Nottingham - Stockings
Frame-work knitting - Tale of an invention - A benefit for all

Peak - Spars
Caverns and mines - Wonder on the mantlepiece

Etruria - Pottery
Wedgewood's contribution - Pottery in ancient times - Etruscan inspiration - Use of powdered flint - Shaped on the potter's wheel - Fired to biscuit - Glazing - Great wheel for grinding flint at Coalport

Northwich - Salt
Sea salt - Mining rock salt - Refining - The Three Wiches of Cheshire

Cheshire - Cheese
Use of Rennet - Cleaning and squeezing the curd - Cheese varieties and cream cheese

Wigan - Checks
Traditional hemp check of blue - Durable and strong replaced by light and cheap

Manchester - Cotton
Hargrave and the Spinning Jenny - Arkwright's machines - Finer thread - Combining processes - Cotton - Use of steam engines - Calico printing - Dyeing

Sheffield - Cutlery
Most perfect wares at Sheffield - Types of steel - Tempering and grinding - Power and danger of the wheels - Polishing - Finer steel for finer pieces

Rotherham - Iron Works
Making moulds from sand for casting - Hollow moulds - The many uses of cast iron - Iron Bridges - Sculpting and statues

Snaith - Flax
The Lin or Flax plant - For bark and seed - Flax spun by women, hemp spun by men - From distaff to wheel

Hull - Oil
Britain's fourth port - Blubber of the whales - Train oil for lamps - Whalebone - Cost of ships - Gas lights becoming more fashionable - Importance to Hull - Tallow
and candles - Two ways of making them - Rush wicks - Soap - The use of alkali

Leeds - Broad Cloth
Cloth trade in Leeds - Tightly woven - Cleaning at the Fullers - Carding, raising the knap - Sources of colour in nature - Use of mordants to fasten dyes

Lancaster - Watch-making
Ancient means of telling time - Britain's oldest clock, Westminster - How the clock mechanism works - Weight, pendulum, wheels and pinions - The watch's spring -Striking the hours, Alarms and Musical clocks

Furness - Charcoal
Smoke over the land - Uses of Charcoal as a fuel - Control of the burning - Use as polish

Borrowdale - Black-Lead
A rare opportunity - Rare mineral - Use of cedar - Beware black pot

Carlisle - Fish-Hooks
About cruelty - The angler's craft - Bottom fishing and Fly fishing

Newcastle - Glass
Newcastle's fame - Material for glass - Kali - Pliny's account of the origin - Recipe for modern glass - Glass blowing - Window glass - Flat glass - Annealing for strength - Silvering with tin

Newcastle - Coals
England's principal coal mines - Supplying London - From mine to keel to colliers - Dangers in the mine

Hexham - Tanning
Visiting tan-yards - Character of raw skins - Effect of tannins, oak bark - Preparing skins and removing hair - Different leathers - Use of alum - Curriers - Parchment -Vellum - Parts for glue - Dyeing

Edinburgh - Distilling
A description of fermentation - Distilling - The Still, or Worm - Rectification and flavouring - Different types of spirit - Effects of spirits - Cordials

Cannon Works - Cannon
From desolate moor to the largest iron foundery in Europe - Boring of canon - Types of cannon and their use

Scotland - Granite
Bleak land - Shaping of granite - Flagstones - London's streets and paths - Stirling carpets

Shetland - Knit Stockings, and Ponies
Off the map - Warm knitted hose - Fine spun worsted - Ponies running wild

Canal of Clyde
Uniting the eastern and western coasts - The use of locks to traverse hills and mountains

Paisley - Muslins
Guaze, of thread or silk - Muslin and Book Muslin of cotton

Coleraine - Bleaching
Linen towns of Ireland - Steeping to loosen the thread - Bucking with ley - Souring and fermentation - At the market in Lugan - Linen hall at Dublin

Ireland - Potatoes
Irish cabins - Origin of the potatoe - Raleigh's estates

Leixlip - Salmon Leap
A sea fish returns to spawn - Fine to eat - Use of weirs - Ballyshannon - Salmon fisheries in Scotland and England, Berwick-upon-Tweed - Twenty foot leap

Cork - Provisions
A green land with fruitful soil - Salting and export - Providing for great fleets - Risk of scurvy

Dublin
Dublin not a seat of manufacture - Linen Hall - A fine bay and the river Liffey

London Docks
London deserves a book itself - Miles of shipping - Quay's and warehouses - Ending the pilfering from the wharves - London Docks handles 500 ships a time - West Indies Docks - Custom House

Covent Garden
Feeding London - Layout of the market - Vegetables, fruit, and flowers - Gardens at Battersea, Wandsworth and Chelsea Englishman needs his meat - Only London market for live cattle - Droves from around the country - Monday is main market - Friday for horses - Layout - Hustle and noise - Drovers and mischief in the streets - London's consumption

Gas Light
New light - Gas from coal - An experiment at home - What is air? - Other gases - Piping gas underground - Lamplighters

Conclusion
Progress and improvement - Superiority of mind over body - Superiority of England over Britain - Advantage of ingenuity over wealth - Industry over idleness - Art of neatness - Inventions among the uneducated - Do something useful, do good